Grief, bereavement and loss

The death of someone close is one of the most difficult experiences many of us will ever face. Read our advice on finding your way through the grieving process. 

Understanding grief

Grief is a natural response to loss. Everyone reacts and feels differently, but the grieving process involves making sense of what has happened and adjusting to life without the person who has died. 

In the early days, many people feel numb. Managing practicalities like registering the death and arranging the funeral may keep you busy and be a distraction. 

People often then experience a strong sense of loss as the reality sinks in.  

But grief is unpredictable, and your thoughts and feelings may come and go unexpectedly. 

Anticipatory grief and dementia

When someone close to you has dementia, you may experience a sense of loss even before they have died. This is called ‘anticipatory grief’. 

This may happen if: 

  • your relationship with the person has started to change  
  • it’s hard to recognise the person they once were 
  • they are no longer physically or mentally present with you 

Anticipatory grief is completely normal and may happen at any point during the progression of the person’s dementia. 

It does not mean that you are giving up on the person or love them any less.  

And while it can feel just as intense as an actual bereavement, it does not mean that you’ll feel any more or less grief after the person has died.  

Feelings you might have when someone dies

When you’re grieving, you may experience a range of emotions that can come and go at any time. 

These include: 

  • sadness
  • despair 
  • guilt 
  • relief 
  • emancipation (feeling free – particularly common if you had a caring role) 
  • denial 
  • anger 
  • regret 
  • fear 
Thoughts you might have when someone dies

After someone has died, many people think a great deal about the events leading up to the loss, dwelling on ‘if onlys’ and imagining how things might have been different. 

You may sometimes briefly forget that the person has died, particularly when you wake in the morning.  

Some people imagine seeing the person or hearing their voice. 

Many people have a lot of questions about what has happened and why. This may make you think about the meaning of life, your relationships with others, or your own mortality. 

Physical symptoms

Grief may cause physical symptoms such as: 

  • difficulty sleeping 
  • poor appetite 
  • tight throat 
  • tearfulness 
  • nausea
  • breathlessness/tight chest 
  • fatigue 
  • poor concentration 
  • numbness 
Your relationships with others

Everyone reacts differently to a loss.  

There may be times when you want to be alone, and times when you want company, or to talk about your grief. 

At others, you may feel short-tempered and resist offers of help. 

If you had a caring role, you might feel a sudden loss of purpose, or feel isolated if regular contact with care professionals has stopped. 

You may find that some people are very supportive, while others feel uncomfortable talking about your bereavement and choose to avoid the subject. 

If family and friends are finding it difficult to support you, it may help to talk to a professional or join a support group for people who are grieving. 

See Sources of support below for more information. 

Coping with grief

Here are some things you could do to help you through this difficult time: 

  • Be patient with yourself – recognise your loss and how it will change your life, and allow yourself to grieve  
  • Try to get enough sleep, take exercise and eat regular meals 
  • Avoid making big decisions, like clearing out the person’s possessions or moving house  
  • Accept support from family and friends  
  • Think about activities that usually give you purpose and enjoyment, and how you can engage in them again  
  • Try to avoid social isolation – it may help to try new routines and activities such as writing, art, mindfulness, yoga or meditation 
  • Meet with others who are also going through a bereavement 
Continuing bonds after death

Many people find it helpful to maintain a ‘continuing bond’ with the person who has died. This is healthy, and may include:   

  • talking to the person as if they were still alive 
  • visiting their grave or another meaningful place 
  • looking at photos, videos and other keepsakes  
  • sharing memories with other people 
  • continuing a particular work as a legacy for them, eg volunteering 
How long will my grief last?

There’s no set amount of time that you ‘should’ grieve for, so it’s important to give yourself as much time as you need. 

For some people, grieving can be lifelong, with emotions resurfacing from time to time – such as on birthdays and anniversaries. 

Most people learn to live with their loss over time. This does not mean ‘getting over’ your grief or forgetting the person who has died – it just means you have found ways to adapt. 

When to ask for help

It is natural to find grieving very difficult, and to need support. 

If you feel your grief is unrelenting and is affecting your physical or emotional health, speak to your GP for advice. 

If you feel severely depressed or suicidal, it’s important to seek immediate help. Contact a health professional or call Samaritans free on 116 123. 

You can also talk to a dementia specialist Admiral Nurse on our free Helpline. Call 0800 888 6678 (Monday-Friday 9am-9pm, Saturday and Sunday 9am-5pm, every day except 25th December) or email helpline@dementiauk.org 

If you would prefer to pre-book a phone or video call at a time to suit you, visit dementiauk.org/get-support/closer-to-home/. 

Other sources of support

Dementia UK information on coping with feelings of guilt
dementiauk.org/get-support/family-and-carer-support/coping-with-feelings-of-guilt/

Dementia UK information on understanding dying
dementiauk.org/get-support/understanding-changes-in-dementia/understanding-dying/

Dementia UK information on recognising the later stages of dementia and moving towards end of life care
dementiauk.org/get-support/understanding-changes-in-dementia/end-of-life-care/ 

Dementia UK information on looking after yourself as a carer
dementiauk.org/get-support/looking-after-yourself-as-a-carer/looking-after-yourself-when-you-care-for-someone-with-dementia/ 

Cruse Bereavement Support 

Samaritans 

The Good Grief Trust 

Bereavement Advice Centre
Practical help and advice around bereavement 

Winston’s Wish 
Support for children and young people under 25 who are grieving 

 

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Publication date: March 2021
Review date: March 2023