Understanding changes in dementia

Managing anxiety and depression

It is not always possible for a person affected by anxiety or depression to recognise these symptoms in themselves. This can be even more difficult for someone who also has dementia

Read more

Tips for better communication

People living with dementia may face challenges with communication. Often the small changes we make in our approach can make a big difference in avoiding communication difficulties or frustration, and can help build and maintain good relationships

Read more

Delirium (confusion)

A sudden change in a person’s mental state is known as delirium. Delirium could lead to increased confusion, disorientation, or difficulty with concentration, and can come on very quickly

Read more

Coping with distress

When a person with dementia becomes distressed, it is often because they are trying to communicate something to you. Here are some techniques that can try to prevent the distress in the first place as well as methods for promoting calm in the moment

Read more

Emotional impact of diagnosis

A diagnosis of dementia can be a big shock – for the person with the condition, and their family. It can be difficult to know what to do, what decisions need to be made, who to tell, what support is available and what happens next

Read more

False beliefs and delusions

For some people living with dementia, their brain misinterprets the information from their senses. This can lead to them holding false beliefs and delusions about the world around them. These false beliefs or ‘different realities’ can be very distressing

Read more

Changes in perceptions and halluncinations

For some people living with dementia, their brain misinterprets the information from their senses. This is called changes in perception and leads to them misunderstanding the world around them, or, in more rare instances, the person having hallucinations

Read more

Dealing with restlessness

Restlessness can present as someone pacing, fidgeting, or trying to leave
the house. Here are some techniques and approaches which can be used to prevent and manage potentially distressing situations

Read more

Sundowning

Sundowning is a term used for the changes in behaviour that occur in the evening, around dusk. Some people who have been diagnosed with dementia experience a growing sense of agitation or anxiety at this time

Read more