Types of dementia

person with dementia and care partner

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia (around 60% of diagnoses), although comparatively rare for under-65s. It’s thought to be caused by abnormal amounts of proteins in the brain that create plaques and tangles that interfere with and damage nerve cells.

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carer outside

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia in the over-65 age group. It’s an umbrella term for a group of conditions caused by problems with blood circulation to the brain. Causes can range from small blood clots, to blocked arteries, to burst blood vessels.

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person with dementia smiling

Frontotemporal dementia

Frontotemporal dementia is the second most common form of dementia for under-65s. It is a group of conditions caused by the death of nerve cells and pathways in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain.

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How an Admiral Nurse can help

Admiral Nurses provide specialist dementia support and are a lifeline to thousands of families dealing with dementia every day.

Either face to face, or on the end of our Dementia Helpline, an Admiral Nurse has both the experience and expertise to answer even the most challenging questions as well as offer practical solutions that can make all the difference when living with dementia.

Find out more about our Admiral Nurse service >