Admiral Nurse with carer

Types and symptoms of dementia

Dementia is the broad term used to describe a number of different conditions affecting the brain. These are the most common types of dementia.

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia (around 60% of diagnoses in the UK), although it is comparatively rare for under-65s

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Vascular dementia

Around 17% of people diagnosed with dementia will have vascular dementia. It is the second most common form of dementia in the over 65 age group

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Frontotemporal dementia

In people under the age of 65, frontotemporal dementia is the second most commonly diagnosed dementia but it is less common in the over 65 age group

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Mixed dementia

At least one in every ten people with dementia is diagnosed as having more than one type, or mixed dementia

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Lewy body dementia

Lewy body dementia is a progressive condition that affects movement and motor control

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Alcohol related brain damage

Alcohol related brain damage is caused by drinking alcohol excessively over a prolonged period of time

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Young onset dementia

Young onset dementia (YOD) is defined as dementia diagnosed under the age of 65. It is also referred to as ‘early onset’ or ‘working age’ dementia

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Huntington's disease

Huntington’s disease is a genetic disorder caused by a faulty gene on chromosome 4

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Parkinson's disease

It is estimated that Parkinson’s disease affects about 1 in 500 people, most commonly in those over 50

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